Schedule

Schedule

Friday, August 1

1406912400 Tech News Today
1406916000 This Week in Law
1406923200 Android App Arena
1406934000 Tech News 2Night

Saturday, August 2

1407002400 The Tech Guy

Sunday, August 3

1407088800 The Tech Guy
1407103200 This Week in Tech

Monday, August 4

1407171600 Tech News Today
1407175200 Triangulation
1407180600 iPad Today
1407193200 Tech News 2Night
1407195000 Marketing Mavericks

Tuesday, August 5

1407258000 Tech News Today
1407261600 MacBreak Weekly
1407268800 Security Now
1407276000 Before You Buy
1407279600 Tech News 2Night
1407283200 All About Android

Wednesday, August 6

1407339000 FLOSS Weekly
1407344400 Tech News Today
1407348000 Windows Weekly
1407355200 This Week in Google
1407366000 Tech News 2Night
1407367800 redditUP
1407373200 Ham Nation

Thursday, August 7

1407430800 Tech News Today
1407434400 Know How...
1407438000 The Social Hour
1407443400 Coding 101
1407447000 Home Theater Geeks
1407452400 Tech News 2Night
1407454200 The Giz Wiz
1407463200 OMGcraft

Friday, August 8

1407517200 Tech News Today
1407520800 This Week in Law
1407528000 Android App Arena
1407538800 Tech News 2Night

Saturday, August 9

1407607200 The Tech Guy

Sunday, August 10

1407693600 The Tech Guy
1407708000 This Week in Tech

Most Recent Episodes

The Giz Wiz

Put a stop to crying from onions.

Home Theater Geeks

Scott and Joe discuss color and Ultra High Definition TV

Know How...

Man Made Leaf, Remote Desktop, and Linux Mint.

Tech News 2Night

USB's massive security problem.

Ham Nation

Bob reports back from Canada Hamfest, Gordo shows antennas for your mobile rig and more!

Coding 101

The Comprehensive Perl Archive Network

The Social Hour

The future of Twitter, Instagram's Bolt, Detour for audio tours.

OMGcraft

Parkour with no jumping.

Tech News Today

China hacking Canada

redditUP

What dinosaur would make the best pet?

Know How... 83

Linux on a USB and Sound Controlled LED

March 6 2014

Why you should understand DNS, make a bootable Linux OS on a USB, and control a string of LED's using TIP31 transistors.

Check out our transcripts.

Making a Bootable Linux USB Drive

Step 1: Get a USB Drive

- You'll need a USB flash drive of at least 2GB or more.
- Format the USB Drive by using Disk Utility and use MS-DOS (FAT)

Step 2: Download the USB Loader
- Go to Seven Bits Mac-Linux USB Loader to download the software.
- Download the Distribution of Linux of your choice, I chose Ubuntu
- Create Live USB
**This process should only take about ten to fifteen minutes.

Step 3: Reboot
- Reboot your Mac, on startup when you hear the "chime" hold the "alt / option" key to choose your boot method
- Select your USB Drive, press 1 to load Linux.
- Congrats you have a portable USB OS!

Links:
Seven Bits Mac-Linux USB Loader
Mac-Linux USB Loader on GitHub

LED lights & TIP31 Transistors

LED Lights
* LED stands for "Light Emitting Diode"
* Diodes only allow current to pass in one direction - positive to negative
* LEDs are low-cost, efficient light sources
* SMD (Surface Mount) LEDs can be found in rolls backed with adhesive

TIP31 Transistor
* It's a NPN (Negative-Positive-Negative) bipolar junctions used for medium power applications.
* We're using a TIP31C -- which is capable of 100v and 40 Watts
* Pin 1 and 3 are a junction. Used by a lower-power circuit.
* Pin 2 and 3 is a semi-conductive pathway.
* When a charge passes between junction 1 and 3, it allows a charge to pass between 2 and 3.
* Where this becomes useful is that the charge passing between pin 1 and 3 can be small while the charge passing between pin 2 and 3 can be large.
** The voltage from the headphone hack of a media play is 1-2 volts, perhaps 20ma. That would never be enough to drive a LED strip.
** HOWEVER... we can use that small current between pins 1 and 3, to trigger a much larger current between pins 2 and 3.
** If pins 2 and 3 are the negative side of a 12 volt, 2 amp circuit, then we've just created something useful!

Sound-Sensitive LED Lights

Parts List

Tool List

  • Soldering Iron
  • Scissors
  • Wire Stripper/Clipper
  • Lighter
  • "Helping Hands"
  • Needle-nose Pliers

The Process
Dancing LED Schematic

Connect with us!
Don't forget to check out our large library of projects on this site. If you want to search for a topic, try this custom search engine.
- Google+ Community at gplus.to/twitkh
- Tweet at us at @padresj and @Cranky_Hippo
- Email us at knowhow@twit.tv

Sponsors: