Schedule

Schedule

Sunday, February 1

1422817200 The Tech Guy
1422828000 This Week in Tech

Monday, February 2

1422900000 Tech News Today
1422903600 Triangulation
1422909000 iPad Today
1422921600 Tech News 2Night

Tuesday, February 3

1422986400 Tech News Today
1422990000 MacBreak Weekly
1422997200 Security Now
1423004400 Before You Buy
1423008000 Tech News 2Night
1423011600 All About Android
1423020600 Padre's Corner

Wednesday, February 4

1423067400 FLOSS Weekly
1423072800 Tech News Today
1423076400 Windows Weekly
1423083600 This Week in Google
1423094400 Tech News 2Night
1423096200 Android App Arena
1423101600 Ham Nation

Thursday, February 5

1423159200 Tech News Today
1423162800 Know How...
1423166400 Marketing Mavericks
1423171800 Coding 101
1423175400 Home Theater Geeks
1423180800 Tech News 2Night
1423182600 The Giz Wiz

Friday, February 6

1423245600 Tech News Today
1423249200 This Week in Law
1423267200 Tech News 2Night

Saturday, February 7

1423335600 The Tech Guy

Sunday, February 8

1423422000 The Tech Guy
1423436400 This Week in Tech

Monday, February 9

1423504800 Tech News Today
1423508400 Triangulation
1423513800 iPad Today
1423526400 Tech News 2Night

Tuesday, February 10

1423591200 Tech News Today
1423594800 MacBreak Weekly
1423602000 Security Now
1423609200 Before You Buy
1423612800 Tech News 2Night
1423616400 All About Android
1423625400 Padre's Corner

Most Recent Episodes

The Tech Guy
The Tech Guy 1157 January 31st, 2015

Is there a way to make internet browsing safe for the kids at home?

Tech News 2Night

AOL makes cuts, Google makes profits, and China builds a greater firewall.

This Week in Law

Can you pirate your own video game?

Tech News Today
Episode #1186: Cyanogen MS? January 30th, 2015

Google and Amazon report financials

This Week in Computer Hardware

NVIDIA and the GTX 970, PCPer VLAN, and Direct X 12 in Windows 10.

The Giz Wiz
Episode #1503: RIP SkyMall January 29th, 2015

Remembering SkyMall.

Tech News 2Night

Social media announcements, Cortana predicts the Super Bowl

Know How...

Back from Daytona, G+ Feedback, and Networking.

Home Theater Geeks

Ultra High Def, the future of TV, and the alliance.

Coding 101

The philosophy of assembly.

Know How... 103

NFC Tags, Differentials, and Assembling a Transmission

July 24 2014

Verizon goes symmetrical, what is NFC and how to make your own tags, different types of differentials, and assembling the LunchBox RC car transmission.

Verizon goes Symmetrical
If you're one of the lucky few who has Verizon FIOS, rejoice! You're getting Symmetrical!

What is NFC and Using Tags

NFC stands for "Near Field Communication" and, as the implies, it enables very short range communication between compatible devices.
* This means you'll need at least one device to send a signal, and another to receive the signal.
* NFC is a standard and can be used by a large number of devices, most commonly smart phones, but if you've ever used public transit pre-pay card they also work the same way.-"

NFC is based on RFID
* RFID stands for "Radio-frequency identification" which uses electromagnetic induction to transmit information.

* The most common use in smartphones is the peer-to-peer mode, which allows two NFC-enabled devices to send information, like a photo, webpage, or mp3.
* When in this mode both devices are active when sending data, and in a passive state when receiving."

Passive NFC devices
* Like this tag that i got from Amazon, can send information to other NFC devices without the need for a power source of their own.
* Also being passive means a tag doesn't process any information sent from other sources, and can't connect to other passive tags."

"* The biggest difference between NFC and other ways of sending information using radio waves like Bluetooth or WiFi, is that it can induce a electric current with passive devices as well as send data.
* The QI wireless charging that is based on the same principle"

Next there is the read/write mode
This is a one way data transmission, where the active device, like my smartphone, links up with another device to read information from it.

* For example you can program these tags to perform certain actions. I'm using a app called NFC Tools, if you want to get really nitty gritty you might want to try tasker.

Main benefits of NFC?

* The main one is much lower power consumption, NFC is perfect for passive devices, like these tags as they can operate without the need for a power source.
* Drawbacks are, the range is around just a few inches and NFC has a transfer speed of 424 kilobit per second."
* But NFC has fast connectivity. Without have having to manually pair devices, it takes less than one tenth of a second to establish a connection.
*So if you've ever seem Android Beam or S Beam on Samsung phones, they use NFC to quickly connect and then establish a Bluetooth or WiFi Direct connection to share information between devices.

TEFU: How to use NFC, demonstration video.

Amazon TagsForDroid - 12 NFC Pack

NFC Tools

NFC Tasks

Why do we need a differential?

Why do we need a differential?
Let's consider a real-wheel drive car:
* When the car is going straight, both wheels are rotating at the same rate
* HOWEVER, when the car is turning, the OUTSIDE wheel needs to rotate FASTER than the INSIDE wheel.
* If the two wheels were locked by a solid shaft, turning would be difficult because either the inside wheel would have to spin in place, or the outside wheel would have to slide to catch up with the vehicle.

That's what a differential does. It allows for differential rotation of each individual wheel
* In our video, you can see how a typical planetary gear differential works.
* The power is supplied to a gear that is tied to two smaller gears that engage gears attached to the drive shafts.
* Power can transferred to each shaft at different rates, allowing for the differential rotation speeds.

There are many different types and subtypes of differential, but we're going to look at three:

Open Differential:
* Inexpensive - Simple - Easy to Maintain
* Power is transmitted to the path of least resistance
-- However... because of this, if one wheel loses traction, all the power will go to the wheel that has lost traction.

Limited Slip Differential:
* In a LSD, SOME power will always transmitted to the wheel with the most traction
- This can be accomplished by using brakes on the wheel with the least traction
- You can use a hydraulic system
- You can use a clutch system

Locking Differential: Power is transmitted equally between all wheels.
* For use in rugged terrain when you expect to lose traction.
* It essentially removes the differential - allowing power to be equally distributed between the wheels
* HOWEVER, it also makes it very hard to turn.

Assembling the "Lunch Box" Transmission

* Lets figure out our Ratios

The Driver Ratio (aka "The Spur/Pinion Ratio")
* This is the ratio of teeth on the "Spur" the large gear inside the transmission that receives power from the motor, and the "Pinion" the gear attached to the shaft of the motor, which engages the pinion.

In our case, the stock Lunchbox motor and transmission use a 5:1 Spur Pinion ration
- 50 tooth Spur Gear
- 10 tooth Pinion Gear
** 5/1 gearing means that the spur gear will spin once for every 5 revolutions of the pinion gear.
** A Stock 540 power band is at about 20,000 revolutions a minute (It spins faster with more power, and a 540 maxes out at about 23,000rpm)
** At that power, the Spur gear will turn 4,000 time a minute

The Internal Gear Ratio (aka "Transmission Ratio)
* It's further reduced by the gearing between the Spur Gear and the Differential.

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